1. Introduction
  2. Type of Exercise
  3. Phase of the disaster response
  4. Purpose
  5. Scope
  6. General objectives
  7. Exercise description
  8. Injects
  9. Resources
  10. General considerations
  11. Key references/documents
  12. Annexes

  1. Introduction
  2. Type of Exercise
  3. Phase of the disaster response
  4. Purpose
  5. Scope
  6. General objectives
  7. Exercise description
  8. Injects
  9. Resources
  10. General considerations
  11. Key references/documents
  12. Annexes

  1. Introduction
  2. Type of Exercise
  3. Phase of the disaster response
  4. Purpose
  5. Scope
  6. General objectives
  7. Exercise description
  8. Injects
  9. Resources
  10. General considerations
  11. Key references/documents
  12. Annexes

  1. Introduction
  2. Type of Exercise
  3. Phase of the disaster response
  4. Purpose
  5. Scope
  6. General objectives
  7. Exercise description
  8. Injects
  9. Resources
  10. General considerations
  11. Key references/documents
  12. Annexes

  1. Introduction
  2. Type of Exercise
  3. Phase of the disaster response
  4. Purpose
  5. Scope
  6. General objectives
  7. Exercise description
  8. Injects
  9. Resources
  10. General considerations
  11. Key references/documents
  12. Annexes

  1. Introduction
  2. Type of Exercise
  3. Phase of the disaster response
  4. Purpose
  5. Scope
  6. General objectives
  7. Exercise description
  8. Injects
  9. Resources
  10. General considerations
  11. Key references/documents
  12. Annexes

  1. Introduction
  2. Type of Exercise
  3. Phase of the disaster response
  4. Purpose
  5. Scope
  6. General objectives
  7. Exercise description
  8. Injects
  9. Resources
  10. Key references/documents
  11. Annexes

  1. Introduction
  2. Type of Exercise
  3. Phase of the disaster response
  4. Purpose
  5. Scope
  6. General objectives
  7. Exercise description
  8. Injects
  9. Resources
  10. Key references/documents
  11. Annexes
1

Title

Dealing with security threats


2

Type of Exercise

Functional Exercise


3

Phase of the disaster response

Exit


4

Purpose

The purpose of this exercise is to expose EMT members to sensitive security situations they could potentially encounter during road movements. Team members should be familiar with relevant strategies to prevent and manage safety and security incidents during road movements in deployment areas, including appropriate planning, communication and negotiation skills.


5

Scope

In this exercise team members will have to prepare an unexpected road movement to the airport, considering the volatile security situation in the area. Once in the cars, team members will approach a checkpoint and they will have to interact and negotiate with the checkpoint holders to continue their travel. Team and individual behaviours will be key to ensure the safety of all team members.


6

General objectives

  • To plan road movements to reduce the team’s vulnerability to security risks
  • To identify potential risks during road movements
  • To demonstrate good behavioural skills during security incidents

See the complete table with learning objectives in the annex « Learning Objectives ».


7

Exercise description

Approximate time required Task Instructions for delivery
15 min Exercise briefing Delivered out of role. The trainers will explain the scenario in which the exercise is set, to allow participants to get immersed in the role and follow instructions.

Simulated setting: 11 am, the team is preparing to leave the disaster area soon
15 min Preparation for the road movement Add inject 1: The team will receive a message asking them to leave the area as soon as possible since the security situation is worsening.

Team members will have 15 min to prepare for the road trip. Then they will divide and get into the cars to start the travel.
10 min Road movement The cars will drive for a while until reaching a checkpoint. Three checkpoint holders will start making signs to indicate the driver to stop the car.
20 min Interaction at the checkpoint Add inject 2: The soldiers at the checkpoint will have several demands for the team and through some accusations.

The team will have to negotiate with the soldiers at the checkpoint to continue their travel safely.
30 min Debriefing Delivered out of role. Refer to the annex Exercise debriefing
Total (approx.): 1h 30 min
8

Injects

Inject number When? To whom? Inject summary
1 At the beginning of the exercise To the team leader Prepare the road movement
2 After a while driving To the team Soldiers at the checkpoint

See the detailed description of the injects in the annex « Injects ».


9

Resources

Human resources

  • 3 trainers (one of them will be the training manager)
  • 3 facilitators (taking the role of checkpoint holders)
  • 2 car drivers

Materials

  • 2 cars
  • Hand held radios
  • Fake weapons
  • Military uniforms
  • A bottle of alcoholic drink (can be fake)
  • A box of narcotics (can be fake)
  • Passports for every team member
  • Material to build up the check-point (sandbags or similar)

10

General considerations

Before starting the exercise make sure:

Trainers and facilitators have carefully read the exercise objectives and description

All the needed materials (see Resources section) are available

There is a space for cars to drive and a place to locate a checkpoint

A fake checkpoint is set up

Trainers have put items in both cars (alcoholic drinks, box of narcotics) before the ride


11

Key references/Supporting documents

  • Basic and advance United Nations online security courses
  • Bollettino V. Understanding the security management practices of humanitarian organisations. Disasters, 2008, 32: 263–279. doi:10.1111/j.0361-3666.2008.01038.x
  • Burkle FM. Anatomy of an ambush: security risks facing international humanitarian assistance. Disasters, 2005, 29(1): 26−37.

12

Annexes

  1. Exercise 8 - Learning objectives
  2. Exercise 8 - Injects
  3. Exercise 8 - Exercise debriefing

Download exercise PDF